Microdiscectomy is a surgical procedure commonly used to treat herniated discs that are causing severe pain and neurological symptoms. In this article, we will take a closer look at microdiscectomy surgery, including its purpose, the surgical process, and what patients herniated disc surgery price can expect during recovery.
What is Microdiscectomy?
Microdiscectomy is a minimally invasive procedure designed to remove the portion of a herniated disc that is pressing on a spinal nerve. This pressure on the nerve can lead to symptoms such as sharp pain, numbness, tingling, and muscle weakness. Microdiscectomy aims to alleviate these symptoms by relieving the compression on the affected nerve.
The Surgical Process
- Preparation: Before surgery, patients typically undergo a thorough evaluation, including imaging tests like MRI scans to pinpoint the location and extent of the herniated disc. The patient is also prepared for the procedure, which may include fasting and discontinuing certain medications.
- Anesthesia: Microdiscectomy is performed under general anesthesia or spinal anesthesia, depending on the patient’s specific circumstances and preferences.
- Incision: A small incision, usually less than an inch in size, is made over the affected area of the spine.
- Removal of herniated disc: Using specialized instruments and microscopic visualization, the surgeon carefully removes the portion of the herniated disc that is pressing on the nerve.
- Closure: After the procedure, the incision is closed with sutures or staples, and a bandage is applied.
Recovery and Rehabilitation
Recovery from microdiscectomy surgery is generally faster than traditional open surgery for herniated discs. Patients may be able to go home the same day or the following day, depending on their condition. Recovery milestones may include:
- Pain relief: Many patients experience immediate relief from leg pain, while back pain may take some time to improve.
- Mobility: Patients are encouraged to move and walk to prevent complications.
- Physical therapy: Some patients may benefit from physical therapy to improve strength and flexibility.
- Return to normal activities: The ability to return to work and regular activities varies from person to person but can often occur within a few weeks.
Microdiscectomy is an effective and minimally invasive surgical option for those suffering from herniated discs causing nerve compression. While it carries some risks, it can provide substantial relief from pain and neurological symptoms, helping patients regain their quality of life.